Indonesia Sumatra - Wonosari Village, Aceh - Gilling Basah - Candyfloss, Chocolate, Mango, Papaya
Tasting Notes: Candyfloss, chocolate, mango, papaya
Country/Region - Indonesia/Sumatra; Region: Aceh.
Farm - Permata Gayo
Altitude - 1100-1150 masl
Varietal - Timtim (Gayo-1), Bourbon (Gayo-2), Ateng (P-88)
Process - Gilling Basah
About the cooperative:
The Gayo Highlands region of the Central Aceh is in northern Sumatra and is about as rural as you can get in Indonesia, it is a high plateau in the centre of the province. Bener Meriah Regency is located next door to the North East of Aceh Regency, and until 2003 was part of the Central Aceh Regency.
Permata Gayo was established in 2006, after the Aceh conflict which lasted until 2004 and destroyed coffee farms in the area. Farming was re-established, and in 2007 they had 468 members – growing to 2125 today. They have also gained Rainforest Alliance, Organic and Fairtrade certification.
The Fairtrade premium has been spent on 24 different projects within the cooperative. Just some examples of these are; creating a coffee nursery, building a cupping lab and employing 2 Q graders, training on how to properly compost, investing in grass cutters to help avoid the use of herbicides and supplying foods to members in the low season.
Wonosari Village has 58 producers and a pre-school with 20 children in attendance which was built in 2018. Coffee is grown under the shade of other trees, and only the red cherries are picked, then pulped, fermented for 12 – 14 hours, washed, dried and given to the collector.
Farmers deliver the “Gabah” which is wet parchment coffee with around a 45% moisture content. The Gabah is then dried for around a day prior to hulling. After hulling the “Labu” wet green bean at 30% moisture takes a further two days to become “Assalan” which has a 20% moisture content. Then the Assalan is transported to the main dry mill where it will be further dried for half a day to 13% as unsorted green bean which is then ready for grading and export.
Gayo 1 is a strain of the Timor variety and Gayo 2 originated from one farm in Bener Meriah Regency in Bener Meriah Regency, P88 is a Colombian Catimor originally from Thailand which was brought to Indonesia by the Dutch in the 1980s as part of the variety trial in Aceh.